This sword once belonged to Tipu Sultan, the ruler of Mysore, now a segment of Karnataka. It is believed to have originated from Srirangapattnam and is made of steel. It is about 74 centimeters in length. The hilt with its circular disc pommel, oval grip and small knuckle-guard is damascened all over in gold in a floral pattern. The fine steel blade is inscribed and bears verses from the Holy Quran together with the name of Tipu Sultan and his capital Srirangapattnam. The wooden sheath is covered with maroon velvet.
Tipu Sultan was born on November 20, 1750. He was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore and a pioneer in the use of rocket artillery. Tipu Sultan introduced a number of administrative innovations during his rule, including his coinage, a new lunisolar calendar and a new land revenue system which initiated the growth of the Mysore silk industry. He also expanded the iron-cased Mysorean rockets and commissioned the military manual Fathul Mujahidin. He deployed these rockets against advances of British forces and their allies during the Anglo-Mysore Wars, including the Battle of Pollilur and Siege of Seringapatam.
He lacked vision and tact. Was defeated and killed. Thought too much of himself. End of story.