Much of Mohenjo-Daro, including the iconic Mound of the Dead site, has been ravaged by floodwaters, with excavated areas being damaged as the water seeps through and creates furrows as it fills out the site.
The country is battling its worst case of flooding since 2010, with activists and politicians scrambling to figure out how to assist and rehabilitate the millions that have been left homeless. Archeologists and heritage conservationists too, are battling their own crises as heritage sites remain in danger of demolition, as per a report by Dawn.
At Mohenjo-Daro, which houses the last surviving remnants of the prehistoric Indus Valley Civilization that dates back to 2,500 BC, rain and floodwater are seeping into the ground and loosening the walls. This in turn leads to the walls of the prehistoric houses at the heritage site tilting, putting them in danger of completely crumbling and falling over.
In Larkana, the Shah Baharo and Tajjar buildings, which were already facing neglect, have been covered in a mixture of rainwater, floodwater and sewage water. The Mian Noor Mohammad Kalhoro graveyard has suffered a lot of damage, with as many as six tombs completely vanishing under the floodwater. The drum of the Buddhist stupa at Thul Mir Rukan broke down due to the rains, and the Makli monuments in Thatta and Bhambore also lay victim to the floods.
Endowment Fund Trust (EFT) for the Preservation of Heritage of Sindh secretary Hamid Akhund said that the damage is on a ‘massive scale’.
“Whatever we have restored has been damaged. There is not a single place left in Sindh where heritage remains intact; be it Kot Diji, Ranikot, Shahi Mahal, White Palace, Faiz Mahal, the historic imam bargahs, bungalows or public dispensaries,” he said.